DANIEL – The SON of MAN and END TIMES
The PROPHET DANIEL
Daniel the Prophet of the Bible, His Life and Accomplishments
The name Daniel is a conglomerate of the Hebrew words “din,” meaning severity and restraint, and “E-l,” the Divine name associated with kindness and benevolence.
The book of Daniel is a narrative woven with mystery and prophecy, containing cryptic descriptions of future events, mystical interpretation of dreams, profound visions about the Mashiach (Messiah) and the revival of the dead in the end of days.
It is the primary source used by many Jewish scholars for calculating the exact date of the future redemption.
The Chaldean king Nebuchadnezzar conquered the Land of Judea in 3319 (442 BCE) and destroyed the Holy Temple in Jerusalem.
Nebuchadnezzar deported the Jewish intelligentsia and forced them to relocate to Babylon. Among them were Daniel, Chananya, Mishael and Azaryia (from the tribe of Judah1), all extraordinarily gifted young princes, selected to serve as chamberlains in the royal court.
Under the tutelage of the chief officer, Daniel, who was already an accomplished scholar, achieved remarkable proficiency and expertise in many disciplines along with his three colleagues.4 Their insight and erudition in all areas, especially in the realms of mystical and esoteric knowledge, far outshone those of the other wise men of the kingdom.5
According to the Talmud, Daniel was endowed with an incredible gift of wisdom such that if one were to weigh his wisdom against the wisdom of all the wise men of the gentile nations, the wisdom of Daniel would outweigh them all.
Interpreter of Dreams
Being a master interpreter of dreams, Daniel heroically averted a royal decree issued in 3340 (421 BCE) to slay all the wise men of the kingdom12 for their failure to help Nebuchadnezzar recall a mysterious dream he had seen.13 Daniel and his colleagues entreated Heaven that the dream be revealed, and their request was granted.14 After expressing gratitude to the Almighty15 and attributing his insight to G‑d,16
Daniel proceeded to remind the king of his dream, and provided him with a striking prediction of the future,17describing the successive kingdoms that would rise to power and dominate the civilized world, including the Median-Persian, Greek and Roman empires.18
The recollection of the dream and its accompanying interpretation so impressed the king, that he began to treat Daniel as though he were a deity, prostrating himself and attempting to offer libations and sacrifices before him.19
Daniel spurned these efforts of deification, so Nebuchadnezzar instead promoted Daniel to the position of governor of the entire province of Babylon and prime minister over all the wise men of Babylon, who of course were spared.20
Twelve years later (3352, 410 BCE), Nebuchadnezzar had another disturbing dream. Instead of summoning the other wise men of the empire, the king immediately sent for Daniel and requested his interpretation.22 The implications of the dream were alarming,23but Daniel shared them with the king.
He informed the king that he would be struck with insanity for seven years and would be reduced to the level of an animal.24 His kingdom, though, would remain intact and he would return to his reign upon recognizing the ultimate authority of GOD.
The Writing on the Wall
After initially warding off the attacks and declaring victory, King Belshazzar and one thousand of his noblemen threw a great feast in celebration.33 While under the influence of wine, Belshazzar called for the gold and silver vessels that Nebuchadnezzar had taken from the Holy Temple in Jerusalem to be brought so that he, his nobles, wives and concubines could drink from them.34
After the vessels of the Temple were desecrated in such a manner, the fingers of a human hand appeared and wrote on the plaster of the wall of the king’s palace.
The king watched in alarm as the disembodied hand wrote a coded message that no one seemed to understand. Belshazzar declared, “Whoever can read this inscription and tell me its meaning will be attired in [royal] purple, wear a golden chain and reign third in the kingdom.” Despite their best efforts, the wise men of the kingdom could not unlock the mysterious message.35
Reading the cryptic words, “mene mene tekel ufarsin” (literally, “measured, measured, weighed and divided”), Daniel explained: mene – G‑d has measured the duration of your reign, and it has come to an end; tekel – you have been weighed in the balance and been found wanting; preis – your kingdom is to be divided and given to Media and Persia.38
In the Lions’ Den
With the death of Belshazzar, the combined armies of the Medes under Darius and the armies of Persia under Cyrus, were free to march into Babylon and conquer it. Darius was first to rule, in keeping with the prophecy that Mede would reign first.40
It was important for Darius to quickly assert control over the vast kingdom, so he appointed 120 functionaries to conduct the affairs of the many lands under his dominion. A supervisory council of three, one of whom was Daniel, would preside over all the activities of the functionaries.41 With time, it became increasingly clear that Daniel was much wiser than his colleagues, which prompted Darius to consider appointing him over the entire kingdom.42 When his colleagues became aware of this, they conspired to make Daniel guilty of treason.43
Purporting to act in the king’s best interests to solidify control over the empire, they proposed a decree that no citizen of the kingdom be permitted to address any request to any god or human other than the king for 30 days. Disobeying this command would be punishable by being thrown into a lions’ den.44 The decree was approved by the king, who signed the proclamation and issued the prohibition.45
Daniel proceeded to climb to the upper story of his home where his windows faced Jerusalem, to pray three times a day as he had always done46 (a proof, incidentally, that Jews have prayed three times a day since time immemorial47). His enemies lost no time in reporting his illegal prayers to the king. Darius, who had come to value and respect Daniel, was deeply disturbed by this development,48 because he recognized that he would now be compelled to act upon his decree. After initially attempting to delay the order, Darius ordered Daniel to be thrown to the lions,49 wishing him “May Your G‑d, Whom you worship continually, rescue you!”
At dawn, Darius rushed to the lions’ den and called out, “Daniel, was the G‑d Whom you continually worshipped able to rescue you?” Miraculously, Daniel was not harmed.50 “My G‑d,” said Daniel, “sent His angel who shut the mouths of the lions so that they wouldn’t harm me!”51
The Talmud explains that Daniel was brought to endure this ordeal because he had provided king Nebuchadnezzar with advice to give charity to the Jewish poor in order to avoid Divine retribution.It is interesting to note that portions of Daniel’s prayers have been incorporated into the daily liturgy as part of the penitential Tachanun prayer.
The Book of Daniel serves as the only apocalyptic book of the Old Testament, as chapters 7-12 foretell the END TIMES.
The prophet Daniel lived more than 500 years before the birth of Jesus.
Nevertheless, Jehovah revealed to Daniel information that would make it possible to pinpoint the time when Jesus would be anointed, or appointed, as the Messiah, or Christ.
Daniel was told:
“You should know and understand that from the issuing of the word to restore and to rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Leader, there will be 7 weeks, also 62 weeks.”—Daniel 9:25.
“In my vision at night I looked, and there before me was one like a SON of MAN, coming with the clouds of heaven.
Daniel approached the Ancient of Days and was led into his presence.
He [MESSIAH] was given authority, glory and sovereign power; all nations and peoples of every language worshiped him.
His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not pass away, and HIS KINGDOM is one that will NEVER be DESTROYED” (Daniel 7:13–14).
“You will conceive and give birth to a son, and you are to call him JESUS. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High.
The Lord God will give him the THRONE of his father DAVID, and he will reign over JACOB’s descendants FOREVER; his KINGDOM will NEVER END” (Luke 1:31–33).
The MESSIAH will bring an END to SIN
“Seventy ‘sevens’ are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the Most Holy Place” (Daniel 9:24).
“Know and understand this: From the time the word goes out to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes, there will be seven ‘sevens,’ and sixty-two ‘sevens.’
It will be rebuilt with streets and a trench, but in times of trouble.
After the sixty-two ‘sevens,’ the Anointed One will be put to death and will have nothing. The people of the ruler who will come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end will come like a flood: War will continue until the end, and desolations have been decreed” (Daniel 9:25–26).
“Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ, who gave himself for our sins to rescue us from the present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father, to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen” (Galatians 1:3–5).
Israel: End Times – DANIEL’s 70 WEEKS
The Book of Daniel serves as the only apocalyptic book of the Old Testament, as chapters 7-12 foretell the END TIMES.
In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim (606 b.c.), Daniel and his friends were among the young Jewish nobility carried off to Babylon. The four were chosen for their intellect and beauty to be trained as advisers to the Babylonian court. Daniel’s ministry as a prophet began late in life. “The great nations of the world have risen against Yahweh; but God’s kingdom shall overthrow existing powers and last forever’
Daniel’s vision of the “SEVENTY WEEKS” is the most important revelation in many respects made in the scriptures – it set the date of the first coming of Christ, and gives the length of the reign of antichrist.
The date of the “vision” is important.
The first verse of the chapter locates it in the “first year” of Darius the Median, or the same year as the “fall of Babylon, ” 538 BC
Daniel had learned from the prophecy of Jeremiah
that the 70 years of captivity of his people were drawing to a close, for the “captivity” began in 606 BC, and 68 years had elapsed since then. (Jeremiah 25:11)
The purpose of the angel Gabriel’s visit was to show Daniel that while his people would be RESTORED to their OWN LAND at the end of the “SEVENTY YEARS”.
That did NOT mean the restoration of their NATIONAL life, but was only the commencement of a LONGER PERIOD, which the angel called the “seventy weeks” that must elapse before they should again be IN CONTROL OF THEIR OWN LAND.
The angel Gabriel tells Daniel that he has a special message for him, one that will show him the IMMEDIATE future of Israel, as well as the FUTURE of ISRAEL IN in the END TIMES
The term ’70 weeks’. it was NOT 70 calendar weeks, BUT rather it was 70 ‘WEEKS of YEARS’, figuring each day of the 70 weeks as one year
The expression “seventy weeks” should read “SEVENTY SEVENS”
The “seventy weeks” is divided into THREE PERIODS of “SEVEN weeks, ” “THREESCORE and TWO weeks” from the going forth of the “commandment” to RESTORE and BUILD JERUSALEM unto “MESSIAH the Prince.”
7 WEEKS – this 49 year period is the time where the ‘commandment to RESTORE and to BUILD Jerusalem‘ was given. it would take 49 years to accomplish this, it began in 444 BC
62 WEEKS– from the end point on the rebuilding of the walls, until MESSIAH was to be REVEALED, it would be 62 weeks, or 434 years
70th WEEK– this 7 year period is yet FUTURE because God stopped the time clock when Israel rejected the Messiah and he went to the cross
“The street shall be built, and the wall, even in troublous times,” refers to the “FIRST PERIOD” or 49 YEARS, occupied by EZRA and NEHEMIAH in the work of RESTORING and REBUILDING the city of JERUSALEM
“Messiah was to be CUT OFF, but not for himself” refers to Christ’s rejection and CRUCIFIXION:
“He is DESPISED and REJECTED of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were [our] faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him NOT. surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.” – Isaiah 53: 3,4
“He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the WORLD KNEW HIM NOT”
HE came unto his own, and HIS OWN RECEIVED HIM NOT” – John 1: 10.11
“Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, it was necessary that the word of God should FIRST have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles”. Acts 13: 46
“For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this MYSTERY, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that BLINDNESS in part is happened to ISRAEL, UNTIL the fulness of the GENTILES be come in.” Romans 11: 25
Daniel 9 states that MESSIAH will appear 69 periods of 7 years of 360 days (or a total of 173,880 days) after the command to BUILD the WALL of Jerusalem.
For MESSIAH’s FIRST COMING, that command was given in Nehemiah 2:1-8 and dated as the 1st nisan 444 B.C. which was the 20th year of Artaxerxes. In our current calendar that date was March 12 that year, 444 B.C.
When 173,880 days are added to March 4, 444 BC., …
you arrive at
Sunday, March 29, 33 AD
with Passover and full moon (plus eclipse) on Friday, April 3rd
Those dates correspond to PALM SUNDAY when Jesus rode into Jerusalem on the donkey as Messiah in fulfillment of Zechariah 9:9
with the CRUCIFIXION later that week as foretold in Psalm 22:1, 16-18, Isaiah 53 and Daniel 9:26
In Daniel 9, the full period of 173,880 days is split into TWO SEGMENTS, namely 156,240 days (62 periods of 7 years) and 17,640 days (7 periods of 7 years of 360 days)
The LION’s GATE was being built during 1539.
If 156,240 days are added, we end up in 1967.
Specifically, if the Lion’s Gate started construction on August 20, 1539, we end up with June 7, 1967
If we then add the remaining 17,640 days (or 7 periods of 7 years of 360 days) to June 7, 1967, we end up on September 23, 2015 – the Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur, when the High Priest would come out of the Holy of Holies and bless the congregation.
Sultan suleiman the magnificent of the Ottoman empire, who commanded that the work take place, did so as a result of a recurring dream featuring LIONS.
The Lions Gate in the north-eastern wall commemorates that event. it was through this gate that the Israelis gained access to the old city to liberate JERUSALEM on June 7, 1967.
The 70 WEEKS of DANIEL
Here is a clear prophecy of the timing of the First Coming.
When this message was given to Daniel by the angel Gabriel, Jerusalem had lain in ruin for nearly 70 years, and the Jews were captive in Babylon. Counting forward for 62 + 7 periods of 7 years each (a total of 483 years) from a future decree giving the Jews permission to restore and rebuild Jerusalem, they should expect the Messiah.
To avoid confusion, it’s important to distinguish the decree that freed the Jews from their captivity from the one that gave them permission to rebuild Jerusalem.
When he conquered Babylon in 535BC Cyrus the Persian immediately freed the Jews. It had been prophesied 150 years earlier in Isaiah 44:24-45:6 and was fulfilled in Ezra 1:1-4. But according to Nehemiah 2:1-9 the decree to rebuild Jerusalem was given in the first month of the 20th year of his reign by King Artaxerxes of Persia (March of 445 BC on our calendar, about 90 years later).
About 125 years ago Sir Robert Anderson unlocked the secret of Daniel’s 70 weeks when he teamed up with the London Royal Observatory to discover that prophetic years are 360 days in length and consist of 12 months of 30 days each.
This is also the only way you can make the three measures of the Great Tribulation (1260 days, 42 months, or 3 1/2 years) come out the same. Therefore the 70 weeks of Daniel consist of 490 years of 360 days each. He published this discovery in a book called The Coming Prince, a commentary on Daniel’s 70th Week.
From their research, we also know that exactly 483 years after the decree of Artaxerxes the Lord Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a donkey to shouts of “Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord” (Luke 19:38)!
It was the only day in His life that He permitted His followers to proclaim Him as Israel’s King, fulfilling Daniel’s prophecy to the day!
The Hebrew in Daniel 9:25 calls Him Messiah the Prince, denoting the fact that He was coming as the Anointed Son of the King and was not yet crowned King Himself.
In Luke 19:41-45, Jesus reminded the people of the specific nature of this prophecy. As he approached Jerusalem and saw the city, he wept over it and said, “If you, even you, had only known on this day what would bring you peace–but now it is hidden from your eyes. The days will come upon you when your enemies will build an embankment against you and encircle you and hem you in on every side. They will dash you to the ground, you and the children within your walls. They will not leave one stone on another, because you did not recognize the time of God’s coming to you.”
He held them accountable for knowing Daniel 9:24-27.
First came 7 sevens (49 years) and then 62 sevens (434 years) for a total of 69 sevens or 483 years. The Hebrew word for Anointed One is Mashiach (Messiah in English).
At the end of this 2nd period, their Messiah would be cut off, which means to be executed or literally destroyed in the making of a covenant, having received none of the honor, glory, and blessing the Scriptures promised Him.
Make no mistake about it. Jesus had to die so these 6 promises could come true. No one else in Heaven or on Earth could accomplish this.
DANIEL TAKES US TO the BOOK of REVELATION, God’s narrative of the END TIMES.
Paul warned us that in the latter days a world leader will become so powerful that he will exalt himself above everything that is called god or is worshiped and will stand in the Temple proclaiming himself to be God (2 Thes 2:4). In Rev 13:14-15we’re told that he’ll have a statue of himself erected and require everyone to worship it on pain of death.
In Matt 24:15-21 Jesus said that the Abomination that causes Desolation spoken of by Daniel will kick off the Great Tribulation, a period 3 1/2 years long that coincides with the last half of Daniel’s 70th week. The similarities between this coming event and the one from history being so obvious, most scholars are persuaded that one points to the other since nothing in the intervening years fits so completely.
A new leader will soon emerge on the scene, a man with great personal charisma. Following a devastating war in the Middle East, he’ll present a plan to restore peace, by which he will quickly captivate and control the world.
Since all true believers will have recently disappeared from Earth in the rapture of the Church, he’ll have no trouble persuading most remaining inhabitants that he is the promised Messiah, the Prince of Peace. He will astound and amaze them all with feats of diplomacy and conquest, even performing the supernatural.
When he claims to be God, all hell will break loose on Earth and 3 1/2 years of the most terrible times mankind has ever known will threaten their very existence.
But before they’re all destroyed the real Prince of Peace will return and overthrow this impostor. He will set up His kingdom on earth, a kingdom that will never be destroyed or left to another.
Having given His life to finish transgression, put an end to sin, atone for wickedness and bring in everlasting righteousness, and having fulfilled all Biblical vision and prophecy, He will anoint the most Holy Place and receive all the honor, glory and blessing the Scriptures promise Him. Israel will finally have her Kingdom back and will live in peace with God in her midst forever. You can almost hear the footsteps of the Messiah. 01-08-11
The BOOK of DANIEL in ANOTHER “CHAPTER” of HIS-tory, the STORY of the GOD of ISRAEL as KING JESUS.